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07/23/2021 – Ephemeris – The first exoplanet* found

23 Jul 2021, 15:54 UTC
07/23/2021 – Ephemeris – The first exoplanet* found
(200 words excerpt, click title or image to see full post)

This is Bob Moler with Ephemeris for Friday, July 23rd. Today the Sun will be up for 14 hours and 58 minutes, setting at 9:18, and it will rise tomorrow at 6:20. The Moon, at full today, will rise at 9:35 this evening.
In 1995 the first planet was found that orbits another star. It was 51 Pegasi b. That’s the star labeled number 51 in the constellation Pegasus, the flying horse. It was found because it tugged on its star as it orbited it. The planet was detected by the Doppler method, the same method that the police can tell if you’re speeding. A planet doesn’t orbit the center of the star, but the center of their combined mass. It turned out That 51 Pegasi b is a very large planet, half the mass of Jupiter, orbiting its star every 4 ½ days. Its discovery threw everything we thought we knew about planetary system evolution into a cocked hat. Planets just don’t stay nicely in their orbits like we thought. They move in and out! As this planet moved in toward its star, it would have ejected any of the inner planets out of the system.
The astronomical event ...

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