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Title: Spectacular HST observations of the Coma galaxy D100 and star formation in its ram pressure stripped tail
Authors: William J. Cramer et al.
First Author’s Institution: Yale University
Status: Published in ApJ
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe, exceeded in size by only the vast cosmic web in which they are embedded. Clusters contain anything from hundreds to thousands of galaxies, which they accrete due to gravity, and they can reach several megaparsecs in size. However, galaxy clusters are not gentle giants. These huge objects contain extremely hot X-ray-emitting plasma, and they can produce gravitational tidal forces strong enough to tear galaxies apart.
Because of these cluster properties, galaxies in clusters and galaxies elsewhere in the universe (called field galaxies) can differ dramatically. Galaxies that have entered a cluster environment are more often elliptical, have low star formation rates, and contain very little gas (from which ...