When Canadarm2 was first launched to ISS onboard Shuttle Endeavour on 19 April 2001 and installed three days later by Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield and NASA astronaut Scott Parazynski, it was designed to be controlled and operated by astronauts with a primary goal of assembling of the orbiting outpost.
Fast forward 19 years to today, robotic control is now managed mostly by teams via ground commands… with the added goal of testing autonomous operations to support the needs of future spaceflight and the lunar Gateway with Canadarm3.
While most Canadarm2 and Dextre operations are commonly known to support arriving cargo crafts along with spacewalks, the joint Canadian Space Agency and NASA Robotics team (ROBO) — in Saint-Hubert, Quebec, Canada and Houston, Texas, United States — is kept busy with robotics operations occurring two or three days a week.
Most recently, that has been showcased with the Robotic Refueling Mission 3 demonstration — which was carried out over multiple days via ground-commands from NASA and CSA (Canadian Space Agency) flight controllers.
The goal of the NASA Goddard Robotic Refueling Mission 3 was to safely demonstrate the transfer of cryogenic fuel in space via robotic control — which could help ...