China launched a new ocean observation satellite from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center on Monday. Launch of the Haiyang-2C took place at around 05:42 UTC under the power of a Long March-4B (Chang Zheng-4B) rocket.
The Haiyang-2 program represents the second generation of ocean observation and monitorization satellites, with the program being approved by the China National Space Administration in February 2007, for measurement of ocean dynamic and environmental parameters in the microwave region (permitting all-weather observations).
The requirements also call for collecting data on marine wind setup (wind vector), marine surface height, and SST (Sea Surface Temperature), along with aero-marine forecasts for the prevention and relief of disaster.
The design and development of the HY-2 series began in April 2007, with the program funded by the Chinese State Oceanic Administration. The satellites are operated by the National Satellite Ocean Application Service.
The Haiyang-2 satellites are part of a system consisting of ocean color remote sensing satellites, ocean dynamic environment satellites, and ocean surveillance satellites. The color remote sensing satellites use infrared remote sensing technology to monitor ocean pollution and topography in shallow waters.
The Haiyang-2 dynamic environment satellites utilize microwave remote sensing technology to monitor ocean wind fields and ...