Omega, stylized as “OmegA”, is a launch vehicle in development by Northrop Grumman as an NSSL replacement program intended for national security and commercial satellites.
Omega is similar to the defunct Ares I and Liberty projects, both of which consisted of a five segment Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) and a cryogenic second stage. Ares I would have combined a five-segment SRB with a J-2X powered second stage, while Liberty would have used a five-segment SRB with the core stage of the European Ariane 5 as a second stage. By comparison, Omega consists of Space Shuttle-derived solid stages with a cryogenic upper stage provided by Aerojet Rocketdyne (replacing earlier plans to use an upper stage provided by Blue Origin). It is intended to be launched from Kennedy Space Center LC-39B or Vandenberg Air Force Base SLC-2.
Omega is proposed as a vehicle to launch national security satellites for the United States Air Force, and could launch other government and commercial payloads, including to geostationary transfer orbit. Crewed spacecraft could also be launched, just as the predecessor Ares I and Liberty rockets, which were designed to launch the Orion space capsule.
Video Credit: Northrop ...