For the past five years, NASA’s Tropical Cyclone Experiment was performed in support of the CyMISS (Tropical Cyclone intensity Measurements from the ISS) project funded by CASIS (Center for the Advancement of Science in Space) which manages the ISS US National Laboratory for NASA. The goal of CyMISS was to acquire image sequences from the ISS of intense tropical cyclones (TCs), such as hurricanes and typhoons, to support the development of an improved remote sensing method to determine more accurately the strength of these destructive storms using stereoscopy.
NASA astronaut Jack Fischer of ISS Expedition 52 shown taking photographs of Typhoon Noru inside the ISS Cupola during a CyMISS photography session on August 1, 2017. The fixed-mounted Nikon camera pointed out the window to his left was being used to take the photographs in support of CyMISS. (JSC-NASA)
Because of the technical limitations of such photography even when using our specially desiged photography protocol, performing meaningful, quantitative pseudo-stereo reconstructions of the storms observed is not possible using these images because of the lack of required precision pointing information. But these image sequences have been used successfully to meet the following, more limited objectives:
– Characterize the scene structure near the ...