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What Is a Higgs Boson?, What Did CERN See?, and Why It's a Big Deal!

8 Jul 2012, 19:15 UTC
What Is a Higgs Boson?, What Did CERN See?, and Why It's a Big Deal!
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This is my disclaimer - I AM NOT A PARTICLE PHYSICIST! Therefore, this subject does not fall into my realm of expertise. However, I do have a very basic training in the physics behind all of this so I would like to share with you a little bit about why all of us physicists have been so excited of late...WHAT IS A HIGGS BOSON?The Higgs boson (regular Wikipedia entry, Simple English Wikipedia entry) is the elementary particle that gives matter mass. Many of us have probably heard about Einstein's famous equation:This image is taken from Wikipedia.While this equation is famous, the true meaning behind what it means is often not fully appreciated (I used to see it and simply think "Einstein!"). It means that mass can be converted to energy and energy can be converted to mass, also known as the mass-energy equivalence. The energy, E, from an amount of mass, m, is equal to the mass multiplied by the speed of light, c, squared (c2 = c*c, c is about 670,616,629 miles/hour). If you were to convert 1 oz of matter into energy, you would have about 2,500,000,000,000,000 Joules of energy and this would keep a 100 W light ...

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