NASA recently asked industry for concepts of small robotic landers for missions to the Moon. What could such machines accomplish?
Prototype small lunar landers developed by NASA undergo testing. At left, Marshall's Mighty Eagle; at right, JSC's Morpheus.
Wanted: lander spacecraft to deliver payloads to the Moon. Must be cheap and reliable.
NASA recently issued an “RFI” – a Request for Information – a method used by the agency to solicit concepts from various companies and gauge their ability to fulfill a future anticipated need. In this case, the need is for a small robotic lander, one capable of delivering two classes of payloads to the lunar surface: small (from 30 to 100 kg) and medium (from 250 to 450 kg).
Probably focused near-term with the RESOLVE (Regolith and Environment Science and Oxygen and Lunar Volatiles Extraction) payload, the intent of this RFI is to survey existing capabilities for the commercial delivery of a variety of payloads to the Moon. RESOLVE is a NASA experiment designed to test and demonstrate some techniques of in situ resource utilization (ISRU) on the Moon, specifically the generation of oxygen and the extraction of volatile elements (such as hydrogen) from lunar soil. The RESOLVE ...